Design and Build an Interactive HTML/CSS Carousel

Design and Build an Interactive HTML/CSS Carousel

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Figma Design Process
    1. Creating the Frame and UI Elements
    2. Adding Text and Tracing Shapes
    3. Enhancing Hero Images
    4. Creating Masks and Gradients
    5. Exporting Images
  3. Building the Carousel in Figma
  4. Transferring the Design to HTML and CSS
    1. Generating HTML Boilerplate
    2. Implementing the Carousel with GreenSock Animation
    3. Making the Carousel Interactive
  5. Fine-Tuning the HTML and CSS
    1. Styling Carousel Items
    2. Updating Styles Based on Active Page
    3. Applying CSS Gradients
  6. Finalizing the Implementation
    1. Adding Circle Items
    2. Adjusting Layout and Variables
    3. Completing the Markup and CSS
  7. Conclusion


In this article, we will walk through the process of building a Carousel system using HTML and CSS based on a design created in Figma. The Carousel will contain interactive elements and utilize animation effects. We will start by designing the Carousel in Figma, then transfer the design to HTML and CSS. Finally, we will fine-tune the implementation and complete the Carousel system.

1. Figma Design Process

1.1 Creating the Frame and UI Elements

To start, we will import the design image into Figma and create a frame for the Carousel. Then, we will use Figma's tools to trace UI elements like circles and text. The design will be structured to match the required layout and spacing.

1.2 Adding Text and Tracing Shapes

Next, we will add text to the UI elements, ensuring the colors, positioning, and font sizes match the original design. We will also trace shapes, borders, and lines to recreate the design accurately.

1.3 Enhancing Hero Images

The hero images will be improved by enlarging them and enhancing their resolution using Photoshop. We will also create masks to seamlessly blend the images with the content. Gradient effects will be applied to the images to make them visually appealing.

1.4 Creating Masks and Gradients

To create masks, we will use the pen tool in Figma to draw paths around areas that require clean hard edges. The paths will be converted into vector masks. Gradients and drop shadows will also be added to enhance the design.

1.5 Exporting Images

Once the design is finalized in Figma, we will export the images, including the hero images and any other assets, as PNG files. These images will be used in the HTML and CSS implementation.

2. Building the Carousel in Figma

In this section, we will use Figma's prototype mode to create an interactive Carousel. We will place the hero images within the Carousel and set up navigation between them. Animations will be added to make the transitions between images smooth. By previewing the prototype, we can ensure that the Carousel functions as intended.

3. Transferring the Design to HTML and CSS

To bring the Carousel design to life, we will now transfer it to HTML and CSS. We will start by generating HTML boilerplate code and then ask AI tools like ChatGPT for specific code snippets. The Carousel will be built using the GreenSock Animation Platform for smooth animation effects.

3.1 Generating HTML Boilerplate

We will use AI tools like ChatGPT to quickly create HTML boilerplate code. By copying and pasting the generated code, we can set up the basic structure of our HTML document.

3.2 Implementing the Carousel with GreenSock Animation

To implement the Carousel, we will utilize the GreenSock Animation Platform. We will copy and paste the HTML, CSS, and JavaScript code provided by ChatGPT into our project. This will create a functional Carousel that navigates between different images.

3.3 Making the Carousel Interactive

To enhance user interaction, we will modify the code to allow users to swipe between Carousel items. We will update the JavaScript and HTML to enable smooth navigation between images when swiping left or right.

4. Fine-Tuning the HTML and CSS

In this section, we will refine the HTML and CSS code to ensure the Carousel looks visually appealing and functions properly.

4.1 Styling Carousel Items

We will add CSS styles to the individual Carousel items to improve their appearance. Using flexbox, we will space the items evenly and apply gradients using CSS.

4.2 Updating Styles Based on Active Page

To update the styles based on the active page or Carousel item, we will add JavaScript code to assign a class to the body tag. This class will determine which styles are applied, allowing for dynamic changes in the layout and appearance of the Carousel.

4.3 Applying CSS Gradients

We will copy the CSS gradients from Figma and apply them to specific classes within the HTML. This will ensure that the gradients transition smoothly between Carousel items, creating an engaging visual effect.

5. Finalizing the Implementation

In this final section, we will complete the implementation and perform any necessary adjustments to ensure the Carousel system is fully functional and visually polished.

5.1 Adding Circle Items

Using the CSS from Figma, we will add the Circle items to the Carousel. These elements will be styled using flexbox for proper alignment and spacing.

5.2 Adjusting Layout and Variables

We will make any necessary adjustments to the CSS layout and variables to align the design with the desired outcome. This includes fine-tuning the placement of elements and modifying CSS properties.

5.3 Completing the Markup and CSS

In this final step, we will finish creating the remaining markup and CSS for the Carousel. This involves copying and pasting relevant code snippets, adjusting styles, and ensuring the Carousel system is fully implemented.


By following the step-by-step process outlined in this article, you can successfully design and build a Carousel system using HTML and CSS. Starting with the design in Figma, transferring it to HTML and CSS, and fine-tuning the implementation will result in a visually appealing and interactive Carousel that engages users. Implementing AI tools like ChatGPT can also accelerate the development process, making it easier to generate code snippets and achieve desired functionality.

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