for the eeo cute discount model but,we're really asking is should we take,advantage of quantity discounts so this,is our brown sugar example again where,we ever demand you notice that I put the,holding costs as the percentage of the,inventory cause what we have here is,what our supplier has given us as the,the quantity discounts these would be,our cause based on those discounts the,way we handle quantity discounts is we,calculate the dlq for each we analyzed,the quantity for validity and adjust if,necessary and then we had calculate the,total cost for each and of course our,goal is to go with the lowest total cost,okay first we calculate the individual,Leo Q's for three options and then we,determine validity i just label them q,sub 10 to stand for the $10 price and q,9.9 for the 990 price and the 90-80,price just to keep it separate again we,know that our d is ten thousand four,hundred we know our order or setup costs,or two hundred and notice in the,denominator here that since we had a,percentage our percentage was 20% in,inventory it's going to cost us ten so,we take twenty percent of that that's,how we come up with this number,similarly 20% of the 990 twenty percent,of the nine eighty these are the results,plug them into the calculator find it up,for yourself so that's how we calculate,the basic yo cube here the second thing,we do is we check for the,with our quantity discounts the first,quantity was from zero to 1499 this fits,in that range so that is still valid,our next quantity was 1502 4499 this is,less so this is not valid so we have to,change this queue to the minimum of that,quantity discount range which is 1500,same with the third our third quantity,discount is 4500 and up this is,obviously less than that it's not valid,we have to adjust to get to the minimum,of that quantity range,okay finally we look at the total cost,let the total cost we've been looking at,is our ordering cost or set-up cost plus,our holding cost for this cost,calculation we also have the cost of,inventory before we've been ignoring,that because all the cost inventory,would do would scale this time it makes,a difference so we added in so our,typical formula or order a closed or D,divided by Q times the cost per order,our holding cost is Q about our average,inventory which is Q divided by 2 times,the cost of whole I've highlighted the,Q's in red just to emphasize that we use,the adjusted Q's we do not use the EO,cubed calculation remember for nine,point nine and nine point eight we had,to go to the minimum order quantity to,get the quantity discount that's what we,use for the Q here alright for our cost,of inventory we use our annual demand,plus the cost of inventory so for the,first one which is the $10 it's ten,thousand four hundred times ten it's,what we do for our cost of inventory all,right you notice in the first one where,we use the eoq you just as we'd expect,our ordering cost and holding cost are,equal because we had the equilibrium but,what happens if the

Let's move on to the first section of Quantity Discount Order Limits

Incremental Quantity Discouts

Incremental Quantity Discouts

hello and welcome back to part two of,our discussion of the eoq you with,quantity discounts in the first video we,talked about the all units quantity,discount schedule which assumes that the,quantity discount applies to the entire,quantity to all student to all units in,our orders so if for example we were to,place an order for 500 units looking at,this schedule right here we would assume,that we will pay nine dollars for each,of those 500 units in our order now if,we conversely we assumed an incremental,quantity discount schedule we would have,to pay ten dollars per unit for the,first 399 units in our order of 500,units and the discount at one dollar per,unit would apply for all those units,that are in excess of 399 units or more,specifically we would have to pay three,hundred ninety nine times ten dollars,plus 100 times nine dollars so there,will be a difference in acquisition cost,and an average unit cost that will,course also affect our optimal order,quantity and our inventory,decision-making so what I want to show,you in this video is how we can take,this difference in quantity discount,schemes into account as we calculate,optimal cost minimizing minimizing order,quantities so what we see here in this,lower portion of our worksheet is a,total cost function that takes this,adjustment into account you see that,this total cost function differs from,our standard total cost function and,that we have these d sub I divided by Q,adjustments that are also reflected in,the AO q formula well this D sub I as it,turns out simply represents the,additional acquisition cost that we must,take into account because we are dealing,with incremental quantity discounts,rather than all units quantity discounts,so it is the cost that we have to pay,extra for those quantity increments for,which the quantity discount does not,apply now as we try to find the optimal,order quantity we will set up a table,like this where we will start with the,highest price break and then work our,way down to the lowest and of course,most desirable unit price so the first,thing we need to do to solve this,problem is we need to calculate the,value of C sub I now if we look at a,unit cost of $10 what is the extra cost,we incur because this unit cost of 10,does not apply to the entire order,quantity now clearly as you can see this,is the highest cost and it applies for,any order quantity so regardless of,whether I order $10 or 200 or 300 units,I will get this price is $10 price for,all units in my order quantity so d sub,I will always be zero in the highest,quantity bracket or I should say in the,lowest quantity bracket at the highest,unit cost so moving on to the next,increment where we have a unit cost of,$9 that applies for all incremental,quantities between 400 and 1,000 and 199,units in my order while I simply,realized that for the first 399 units I,will not get this price rather for the,first 399 units I will have to pay an,extra $1 per unit and this is exactly,what D sub I represents

After seeing the first section, I believe you have a general understanding of Quantity Discount Order Limits

Continue the next second section about Quantity Discount Order Limits

OM Calculation: EOQ and Quantity Discount

OM Calculation: EOQ and Quantity Discount

hello everyone in this session we will,show how to do the UQ model and the,quantity discount model calculations,through examples let's first take a look,at an example of UQ model now a local,distributor for an national tire company,expects to sell approximately 9600,steel-belted radial tires of a certain,size and treat design next year then,your carrying cost is $16 per tire and,uttering cost is $75 the distributor,operates 288 days a year first question,what is your Q now remember to calculate,yield Q the formula is straightforward,the UQ kinetic Q star equals to square,root of 2 d s divided by H now in the,formula we need to know few numbers D,which is the demand S is the ordering,cost which is adding cost per order and,H is the holding cost,now here we mentioned the demand t and,the holding cost need to be consistent,if what we use is annual demand then the,holding cost should be and your holding,cost if what we use is monthly demand,then the holding cost should be adjusted,it to monthly holding cost as well now,let's take a look at a question and see,whether or not the required numbers are,given here we see the sales is 9600 per,year carrying cost or holding cost is,$16 per tire and uttering cost is $75 so,all the three numbers the HS are giving,the question to calculate the e oq,quantity it is straightforward result,from substituting all these three,numbers into the formula,can do the calculation and get an,optimal order quantity or the ilq,quantity for this problem equal to 300,unit which means the dealer of the,distributor need to order 300 unit of,the specifying tire,every time one thing to remind you is,don't forget to take the square root of,the calculation this is one error I've,seen before,next how many times per year does a,store reorder which is how many orders,does a distributor need to place every,year so number of orders we place,basically is the result of the total,demand our total quantity we need to,order divided by the number of quantity,we order every time for example if over,the year we need to order 100 unit and,every time we only order 10 unit then we,need to place 100 divided by 10 which is,10 order per year so similarly in this,question we use a demand D divided by,the outer quantity the uq quantity which,is 300 and gallons 32 which means based,on our demand of 9600 unit per year and,our yoku quantity of 300 unit per order,we need to place 32 orders per year Part,C asks us to calculate the lens of an,order cycle so the lens of outer cycle,basically is the interval between two,orders between two consecutive orders so,from the time I place the order now till,the time that I place the next order,what will be the length of the interval,which is the lens of an order cycle now,this actually is determined by two,numbers which is well,what is the time interval we're talking,about second is how many orders we need,to place for example if we need to,operate 10 days and we need to place two,orders over these 10 days compared then,

After seeing the second section, I believe you have a general understanding of Quantity Discount Order Limits

Continue the next third section about Quantity Discount Order Limits

EOQ with Quantity Discounts

EOQ with Quantity Discounts

all right welcome back in the last video,I lied to you,I said I was gonna solve problem 1 and,in problem 2,and I did it I decided to just make a,video for problem 1 and now this is a,video for solving ok so we've got a,quantity discount situation let's let's,let's see how we solve it,let's go let's go over to Ron hey Ron,thanks for passing me the magic 8-ball,here okay so we are gonna solve quantity,that's not a problem here,so in quantity discounts we start using,the eoq do that is our place for,starting to to calculate to figure out,what we should be doing as far as an,order size so a problem number two here,we have a min to five hundred and thirty,twenty percent and it cost us 500 off,every time we place in work so again we,start out using a oq so we have two,times a demand and to set up cost and,now that the cost of the order of the,cost of the product itself changes,depending on the order size instead of,just having a single order cost number,which we call H we are taking the cost,per item multiplied by some interest,rate,so we're calculate the EO q that way and,we want to start out looking at,calculating the EO q for the cheapest,possible price and if Co Q that we,calculate there is big enough to get us,that price,we're not as far as chuckling yeah it,was because yo he was already minimizing,ordering holding costs and then if let,the cheapest possible cost per unit boy,just couldn't get any better than that,so my screen here so we're gonna,calculate the e oq when the price is,$200 and if that eoq you would turn out,to be bigger than 500 600 dozen s to be,our answer,if it's not and it's not then we say,okay well we don't give up on paying,$200 reality is just the only way we can,get this price is if we buy at least 500,units so since we want to buy less than,500 we're not gonna go crazy and buy,like thousand we're just gonna buy 500,at a time so we're going to look into,the cost of buying 500 units at a time,and we're not gonna go calculate that,cost Ness I'm just gonna calculate as,many he accuses we need to until we're,done calculating he Okies so because the,eoq you for the price of $200 gonna be,your small we're gonna go here and,calculate he of cumin places to it info,helps if that yoke you falls between the,range of 115 499 we can be done taking,your cues and will come late as our,second calculation cost of mine whatever,that he oq amount is at a cost of if,that EO q is non 150 then we will go and,calculate an e oq for the cost to with a,unit cost 225 seemed that he OS and then,he left the cost fear of buying that,many units at a time,okay so we're gonna go look at calculate,the eoq you,so that's very limiting,I'm still a little bored well gets the,race which seems ideal so like I said,two times the handle demand which is 500,units times the cost place an order,which is 500 dollars then we divide by,the price per unit which is $200 because,we're doing the cheapest one first times,0.2 now just bear with a nice again I'm,looking for my c

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How to set quantity discounts on your ASINs | English

How to set quantity discounts on your ASINs | English

welcome to the video,on how to set quantity discounts on your,asens,on the manage inventory page you can now,set,quantity discounts on your skus and pay,lesser fees,for selling in bulk to our business,customers,in this video we will tell you how and,what you need to do,in order to benefit from this feature,the discounted referral fee benefit,in simple terms means for every four,percent quantity discount,you give to business customers you will,get a reduction of one percent on,referral fees,which is forest to one discount ratio,in most categories here is an example,that shows comparison between the,referral fees that you were paying,earlier,and how much you can save now for a,product price of thousand rupees,if you give a discount of 8 percent on,10 units,you would charge referral fees of 16,that is,1472 rupees on the order value,of 9200 rupees that is,1000 minus 800 rupees earlier,but now with a discounted referral fee,you get two percent referral fee benefit,that is one fourth of the eight percent,discount and are therefore charged,only fourteen percent or one thousand,two hundred and eighty eight rupees,as referral fee on the same transaction,as a result you are now saving 184,rupees on this transaction,due to the referral fee benefit feature,this way,you can save so much more on products in,your inventory,where you have set quantity discounts,check out the selling on amazon business,fee schedule help,page on seller central to learn more,about the upper limits,for discounts that you can get based on,the category,that you are selling in now let's see,how to add,quantity discounts on your asins on,seller central,go to the inventory tab and click on,manage inventory,on your seller central account now you,will be able to see a new,field called business price next to the,price field,choose the product you want to sell in,bulk and click on add,quantity discounts here you can choose,if you want to provide percentage off,or fixed price and have multiple,thresholds,based on the quantity for example under,percentage off,if the price of your product is thousand,rupees,you can set a discount of five percent,for two items,ten percent for five items fifteen,percent for 10 items,and so on similarly under fixed prices,you can set up to two items for 950,rupees,5 items for 900 rupees and 10 items for,850 rupees etc,so here are a few tips on setting the,right prices for b2b customers,number one do not set business price or,quantity discount price,higher than the normal price any price,higher than the normal price,will not be shown to business customers,number two,do not set quantity discounts at a very,high slab,start with your first lab at less than,five units,then at five units and remaining slabs,greater than 5 units,that wraps up our video on how to set,quantity discounts on your essence,on the manage inventory page thank you,and happy selling

After seeing the fourth section, I believe you have a general understanding of Quantity Discount Order Limits

Continue the next fifth section about Quantity Discount Order Limits

All Units Discounts

All Units Discounts

hello and welcome to this video in which,I would like to talk about an extension,to the basic lq model which takes,quantity discounts into account as you,may recall the basic lq model makes a,series of limiting assumptions regarding,for example the nature of demand and the,nature of the times but we also assume,that unit costs are actually independent,of the order quantity of the basic lq,model clearly in reality that will often,not be the case because we cannot expect,to get a better price at a better unit,basis the more we purchase at a given,time the purpose of this video is to,tell you how we can extend the basic e,lq model to take quantity discounts into,consideration now there are two,different kinds of quantities discount,schemes the first one is called an,all-units quantity discount which simply,means that the discounted price is for,the entire purchase quantity so in our,example here where we have a quantity,discount schedule shown in this little,table here if we purchase 4,800 units or,more we will pay eight dollars for each,of those 4,800 units on the other hand,if we purchase a very small quantity we,will have to pay a price of up to ten,dollars in this particular really video,we will discuss the alkaline discount in,a separate video I will talk about,incremental quantity discounts in the,case of incremental quantity discounts,the discount only applies to the,increment of the order quantity that is,beyond the respective thresholds however,for now let's focus on this upper,portion of this table we will compute,the eoq you taking into account the,existence of all units quanta quantity,discounts as usual we start out with our,basic parameters we know that a lambda,annual demand is 4800 units the cost of,placing an order is $40 and the,inventory carrying charge is 25% and now,of course we see that the unit cost will,depend upon the quantity we order in,every single order as you can see the,cost ranges from about 8 dollars per,unit for a large order quantity up to 10,dollars per unit for small order,quantities if we were to plot out these,total cost curves for these prices we,would find that we do not have a single,total cost curve that we can simply,optimize the way we do in the basic lq,as it turns out we now have a series of,different cost curves for each of those,different price levels so we end up with,a discontinuous total cost function and,we'll have to be a little more careful,as we try to find the truly cost,minimizing point on this discontinuous,total cost function to do this we simply,start out by computing the eoq you for,each of those respective price breaks so,let's start out with the lowest price,break of 8 dollars per unit the oq of,course simply the square root as we know,at two times lambda times the cost of,place in an order divided by the,inventory holding cost per order now,remember this of course simply is I,multiplied with your respective cost per,unit which on our case right now is $8,so that gives me in this case a

After seeing the fifth section, I believe you have a general understanding of Quantity Discount Order Limits

Continue the next sixth section about Quantity Discount Order Limits

Inventory Quantity Discounts

Inventory Quantity Discounts

this video will show you how to deal,with quantity discounts this is based on,economic order quantity if you can order,economic quantity that will give you the,best answer if you really understand,economic order quantity it's where we've,minimized the ordering cost and minimize,the holding cost where they're equal to,each other,and together that is the lowest cost for,inventory now here we have a trade-off,because if we order more we get a,reduction of price and so we basically,have to calculate the cost out the cost,of managing that inventory and violating,economic order quantity plus the cost of,the actual product and we are ordering,this from somebody else that's why we're,getting a quantity discount production,or a quantity doesn't come into account,at all here quantity discount is in,regards to ordering it from somebody,else and so we're gonna go ahead and do,economic order quantity just like we,showed you in the earlier video because,holding cost is constant and we want to,know what that is because that will give,us the best answer and so once again you,go back to the formula I'm going to do,it in pieces so let's just economic,order quantity here I'll probably end up,using 3 cells like I did in the past so,the top part of the equation was 2 times,the the annual demand and and times then,the setup or ordering cost in this case,it's 120 so that's the top part of the,equation now some that I failed to,mention here they gave you the demand in,monthly this is data from 12 2012 point,20 at the end of chapter 12 they talk,about the the monthly demand is 400 so I,simply took 400 times 12 and that gave,me my my annual demand of 4,800 so,that's the top part equation the bottom,part of the,then of course we we take this amount,and we divide it by our holding cost,which is is constant at 35 and then,remember the last part of this equation,is the square root and so just a,reminder this is on the formula sheet I,just use this this formula here because,this is economic or quantity and the,holding cost was constant as compared to,this one or the holding cost varies,depending on the price,remember this is production or quantity,now I'm actually going to calculate out,the the total cost I'm actually going to,use this lower one here because this is,the cost to manage the inventory plus,the cost of the product well let's go,back and look at our answer here so,economic order quantity is a hundred and,eighty one well look at this from 1 to,99 if i order one up to 99 units the,price is 350 by order from 100 to 199,the price is 325 and if I order over 200,the price is 300 well right now they're,telling us economic order quantity will,put us above this category so we would,never order less than a hundred and,eighty one units so we won't even,consider this one because they're,telling us the best possible in regards,to holding an ordering cost to minimize,those and make them equal to each other,is at least 181 so it falls into this,category so let's go ahead and calc

After seeing the sixth section, I believe you have a general understanding of Quantity Discount Order Limits

Continue the next seventh section about Quantity Discount Order Limits

Operations Research--The Quantity Discount Problem ILP Model Formulation

Operations Research--The Quantity Discount Problem ILP Model Formulation

last time we talked about a learning,curve,problem this is saying for this equals,buzz,problem if you go beyond,the first 75 in your production for the,high course bus,then the profit of the 76,and beyond will increase okay and,today we're going to talk about a,similar problem,similar in that the setting is similar,but require different,model to solve it okay so problem,statement is here,if this blue ridge hot top problem,produce more than 75,units okay the discount on the material,will increase,the unit profit to 3 700,375 for all of them,it's not saying this 375 only applies to,the 76 but instead if you produce,more than 75 units this increase the,profits will apply to all the,products you produce same as the second,one,if you produce more than 50 then you're,going to buy like a large quantity,material for those hydroloxes and you,can buy them at a cheaper price so when,you end up with,higher profit for all the hydrologists,that you're going to produce,okay so in your book the book called the,previous one i will talk about the,quantity discount,i figured this makes more sense so i,change them to different,two different problems so if we're going,to read the textbook for the,corresponding problem,the quantity discount is really the,learning curve problem we talked about,earlier,okay so this is a different setting okay,so with this,let's think about how do we create a,model for this problem,to solve it first thing about the,decision variables,if we start from the original blue ridge,hotel problem,we have x1 and x2 right,representing the number of,equal spots and hydrology you're going,to produce,okay but in this problem now,if you produce less than 75 then the,profit,stays as the original one if you produce,less than 50 units what hydrology is the,profit is this 300,but if you produce more than 75 or,more than 50 the profit will change very,similar as what we talked about last,time,the profit will change okay but you have,to incorporate,both for example equal spots,for equal spots you have to include both,because you don't know how many you're,going to produce right so what did we do,last time,how many decision variables do we have,for decision variables right and last,time i will use the four decision,variables,two for the number of equal spots one,representing,the number you produce in the first 75,units,and the seconds representing the unit,starting from the 76 unit,and this time what do you guys think,just for,equal spot what kind of decision,variable or variables should we use,should we use one variable just x1,or two variables,say if you use one variable then how do,you write out the objective function,that's going to maximize the total,profit,if there is no way to do so then think,about what about two,variables and if you use two variables,then what's the relationship between,them,okay so that's the thinking process,start from think about one,if you use one what do you do 350,x1 or 375,x1 which one you choose right depending,on what,x1 num

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Continue the next eighth section about Quantity Discount Order Limits

Special Price & Qty Break/Volume Discount

Special Price & Qty Break/Volume Discount

so I've had a question from a customer,wants to set up a price on a customer,but it's a price where there's a minimum,order quantity so essentially they want,to set up a business partner special,price and set a better price with the,customer orders more than a certain,minimum quantity so that's just let's,just look at say the special prices in,the system so we can go to a business,partner call up the partner right click,on their account and then go to special,prices for the business partner this,business partner happens to have a list,price already set against them and if we,we want we can just go there and change,that as I'm making this that too without,a price list the objective here then is,that it allows me to call up a specific,stock item against that business partner,in this instance we're not referring to,any of the existing price lists on that,account and we're simply going to set a,price that we want this customer to be,charged for their item so in this,instance we're setting it to 55:29,that's fine if we do that we can just,add that item and it means that business,partner will forevermore Ragesh and that,that special price for that product we,go back in here however we can also then,double click on this role and that,brings up a second window which in this,case is titled period discounts and this,means that from a certain date perhaps,up to a certain date we will be charging,them perhaps a different price so this,could be for like some special offers,running for you know a week a month,three months whatever happens to be or,we can just leave that as it is and,double click on that rule and it opens,up a third window which allows us to set,or the system referred to as a quantity,break price or volume discount as we,have here,so not instance we set what the minimum,order quantity is in order to achieve,this lower or this better and unit price,so I'm just going to say it's ten for,the moment and if we offer or if they're,if they order more than ten they guess,they're it's like a lower price so just,update on that and we update all the way,back so if we go to a sales document,users pick up a sales quotation when I,call up that customer and that stock,item the system brings back the price in,blue indicating that there is a special,price available on it and we'll see it's,the higher price at the moment and any,quantity I put in up as far as nine who,attract that price once I put in ten the,price will revert or drop to the,quantity break price available for the,customer from there I can process the,transaction

After seeing the eighth section, I believe you have a general understanding of Quantity Discount Order Limits

Continue the next ninth section about Quantity Discount Order Limits

Quantity Discount Model

Quantity Discount Model

this video will discuss how to set up,and solve a quantity discount model,problem using Excel and salt in this,problem we have a vendor for which we,have a fixed ordering cost of ten,dollars per quarter an annual holding,cost percentage of forty forty percent,based on the unit purchase cost there's,no storage cost per unit for this,product although we'll build a model,where we have the flexibility to include,this we have annual demand of 2400,working days during the year of 240 and,Ally time of five days we have a,quantity discount schedule with six,price levels for example the unit,purchased cost is $35 we order between 1,and 49 units of the product if we we pay,a lower price we must order more units,of the product for example to purchase,for 32 dollars and thirty-five cents we,would have to order a minimum of 150 or,as many as 299,the unit holding costs is based on the,purchase cause so the unit holding costs,will be the purchase cost times the,holding cost percentage and I'll put the,dollar signs as absolute references on,the holding cost percentage plus the,storage cost per unit the storage cost,per unit would be a component of the,holding cost that does not change with,the purchase price in this particular,problem we don't have that type of cost,but when we're setting up this model,gives us the flexibility to incorporate,this,copy that formula all the way across and,you can see that the holding cost,decreases as the purchase cost increases,the last maximum quantity is just an,arbitrarily large number in reality if,we buy any number of units five hundred,or over the cost will be thirty dollars,and seventy-five cents we just put an,arbitrarily large number here because,this will make the references within,solver and sister we need to solve this,problem for each price level separately,to do so one way we can bring in the,correct values that are associated with,the right price level is the H look up,for me VH look up will first reference,to lookup value that will be the price,level analyzed right now we have one but,we'll change this any any number between,1 and 6 i'll hit f4 the function key to,put the dollar signs in the table array,is going to be all of the purchase costs,quantity and holding cost information,for each price level of at the f or,function key to put in the dollars in,the row index number tells us the row in,this table we want to look up and place,on this lawn the unit purchase cost is,on Row 2 of the horizontal table so,we'll put to the last element in the age,look up formula is a cell that tells us,whether we want an approximate match or,an exact match and we'd like to have an,exact match,so we double-click on pulse type the,closed parentheses to test this formula,we want to enter the other price levels,and make sure that the unit purchase,cost changes,for instance right now I have price,level 6 we can see that the unit,purchase cost is thirty dollars and,seventy-five cents if we enter a number,like seven we get an error becau

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